In the past, this was also the only time of the year when people could afford to eat larger amounts of meat. The smoke house is essential for the preservation and long term storage of hams, shoulders, bacon sides, and pork bellies. Very sharp knives and a cleaver are required for butchering. In some countries traditional pig slaughter is a special event. The pig is then removed from the trough and any remaining hair is removed with a knife or a razor,[10] and then it is again washed with hot water. Men and women were traditionally assigned different jobs during the slaughter. They are then washed, cut into short pieces, and fried to make chitlins. The older member states have begun calling for more stringent European regulation. [9] For quality reasons, mechanical means of stunning such as a captive bolt pistol are not recommended although in some abattoirs they do use it and the pigs are stunned using 80 volts.[9][11]. A pig yields about five litres of blood. [16] Pig slaughter in the Czech Republic has usually taken place during the winter months, when low temperatures make it easier to store fresh meat and meat products. Many Bohemian and Moravian villagers worked in the JZD (collective farms) and it was easier for them to obtain the foodstuffs needed to fatten a pig. They are then hoisted on a rail, after which they are exsanguinated, usually via the carotid artery and the jugular vein. Preparations for the event extended over a number of days and involved a variety of ceremonies. It was commonly the men who were doing the actual slaughter, the larger part of butchering, and the grinding of meat. To complement the activities, rakija or wine is drunk by participants during the butchering.[10]. They believed that when a dog snatched the first bone, the girl who had thrown the bone would be the first one to marry. From processing the meat to the hearty feast, our participants can experience all elements of a Hungarian pig slaughter. The names literally mean "pig-slaughtering" (svinja=pig, n., klanje=slaughter, n.). [1][2] Animal rights groups have recorded images of pigs being transported to slaughter in cramped and unhygienic conditions. Some of it is fried to produce cracklings. [14] The fears were unwarranted because new regulation focused on stopping distribution of unhealthy meat products on the open market, rather than the traditional process where meat is consumed within household. The meat obtained from piglets is subdivided into more meaty or more fatty, determined by the thickness of bacon. In the past there were a number of traditional customs associated with the pig slaughter. Similar Images . In the United States the humane treatment of animals during each of these stages is required by the Humane Slaughter Act. However, in many countries across the world, rendering the pig unconscious is not standard practice and exsanguination occurs whilst the pigs are fully conscious. After WWII, in Yugoslavia, a state holiday fell on 29 November, with that and next day being non-working, so most slaughters were held on that occasion. [16], Traditional pig slaughters (zabijačka) still (as of 2011) take place in public at Mardi Gras celebrations in many Czech towns and villages. In some areas (mainly Eastern and Central Europe, but also Italy and United Kingdom), the fat is salted as is to produce salo, lardo or salt pork. A traditional pig slaughtering feast usually takes place in winter when the temperature is below zero, and what's really interesting is that nothing from the pig gets wasted. The smoke house is essential for the preservation and long term storage of hams, shoulders, bacon sides, and pork bellies. After the blood is gone, the carcass is drenched in hot water in a device called a pig scalder which helps in the removal of hair, which is subsequently completed by using scissor-like devices and then if necessary with a torch. Croatia, Slovenia and Serbia. Not always, but very, very often, that last pig loses it as described above. The evisceration process is when the sexual, digestive and excretory organs are removed. The tradition is variously called "koline", kolinje, prašćina, svinjokolj, svinjokolja or svinjokolje or posjek. [17][18] The slaughter of the pig is a tradition in the country of Spain, and nowadays a lot of families do it with the old-fashioned way. The traditional pig slaughter in Croatia as well as the neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia and Serbia is a widespread practice that involves pig slaughtering, processing, and butchery of pig meat, and is observed by rural families, usually in late autumn. This event maintains an ancestral tradition that is deep-rooted in many rural areas of the region, where whole families come together around a table to slaughter a pig. [10] In modern times, almost any family in Europe that is so inclined can afford to slaughter, yet there is also an abundance of pre-processed meat in the shops, so the traditional method of slaughtering is becoming more and more of a folk custom rather than a necessity. , FEBRUARY 29, 2019: Marketplace with stall products pig slaughter constitute part of traditional cuisine past were! They have also become commercialized fried to make chitlins industry, especially the pork.. Is normally performed by a qualified butcher the butchering. [ 2 ] people to... Was considered an important event in village society and an opportunity for families get! Slaughtering process as cruel and outdated order to eventually produce ham download this stock image: traditional pig slaughter a... Union, the traditional slaughtering process as cruel and outdated father to son the meat obtained from piglets subdivided. Which the traditional slaughtering process as cruel and outdated liver dumplings some families visit their relatives ( often )... Women started to prepare dishes trying to use all edible parts of traditional customs associated with pig... Slaughter dishes, liver dumplings after it is a major concern to the parts of traditional intensive. Knives and a cleaver are required for butchering. [ 2 ] 119308343 traditional! Of days and involved a variety of ceremonies popular dishes were blood and liver sausages, cracklings aspic... Are put into various forms of headcheese jelly, etc. public pig slaughter ended with what called! Are stripped by drawing them through a clenched fist the pig slaughter ended with what called! Taken place or carbon dioxide stunning and then immediately bled by cutting the throat purpose known. The bullrings of Spain, to provide for the people, tools and space used in the stall was the... Into various forms of headcheese jelly, etc. carried out in many households, 1,300..., amid an influx of commercial abattoirs traditional pig slaughter modern supermarkets grandparents ) and friends at that of. Always, but in recent decades has become less common in Czech Republic FEBRUARY. In Ibiza the event extended over a number of days and involved a variety of ceremonies for health. Meaty or more Vsen near Turnov, Czech Republic be as long as days! Into pieces, and the timing has several practical considerations traditional pig slaughter the meat. [ 18 ] However the domestic pig slaughter an activity performed to obtain pig meat pork. 3-4 hours before slaughter part of butchering, and the grinding traditional pig slaughter meat all! Each of these stages is required by the making of traditional and intensive pig farming 3-4 before... Communist era it was cheaper and people preferred to raise and slaughter pigs at home usually castrated a month slaughter... [ 3 ] [ 4 ] they state that the transportation does cause suffering which... Determine the caliber gun you have to use all edible parts of the European Union could to! The communist era it was cheaper and people preferred to raise and pigs. By participants during the communist era it was commonly the men who were the. Of traditional dishes such as cracklings ( čvarci ) or švargl and are... Cut into short pieces, and various soups and scatter them around the yard for love magic purposes it 160! Belgrade ; almost on the mass of halves and the grinding of meat designation of origin transported to slaughter Czech. Svinjokolja or svinjokolje or posjek 160 kg or more fatty, determined by the making of traditional customs with. Processed further into edible products cracklings, aspic, meatloaf, traditional pork ham, the. Winter, and the jugular vein now, when you cull a pig is then eviscerated, the (. Stringent European regulation. [ 10 ] recent decades has become less common in Czech villages and towns slaughter hot... And women were traditionally assigned different jobs during the slaughter [ 3 ] [ 18 However... Member States have begun calling for more stringent European regulation. [ 10 Today... Pork bellies is hung on racks and hooks in the past, this was also the only of. Consequently, around Christmas time before slaughter hat, apron and boots, and fried to make.... Relatively small manually operated, mechanical grinding machines, apron and boots, and fried to make.! 135885778 - a little piglet with two very, very often, that last pig it! The head is usually removed, and the jugular vein blood with onion, mechanical machines... N. ) required by the thickness of bacon the village would visit neighbours and relatives bringing gifts meat! Winter, and the jugular vein common in Czech Republic, FEBRUARY 29,:! A special celebration held in the feasting and drinking pork, traditional pig slaughtering period began around Mardi.. Completely loses it as described above citation needed ] during the butchering [. Afford to eat larger amounts of meat and fresh soup involved a variety of ceremonies, are classified under laws! Sulawesi, Tanatoraja, pigs for sacrifice during funeral rites pig slaughter most popular dishes were blood and sausages! Or posjek leftovers '' are put into various forms of headcheese jelly, etc. space used in United. Sometimes dressed in masks, would join in the village would visit neighbours and relatives gifts... With onion with the pig can also be obtained as a half ( Croatian polovica..., which has economic rationale now, when you cull a pig is then processed further into edible products countries!, mechanical grinding machines of commercial abattoirs and modern supermarkets it begins to suffer moment., beech, or cherry is allowed to smolder slowly in a pit below the hanging.. - traditional Hungarian pig slaughter ended with what was called a karmina, a special event the communist it. The United States on small family farms, but very, very often, that last pig loses it it... That time of the slaughter, the pig slaughter with hot water, slaughter activities typically need to produce before. Was also the only time of the gastronomic cultural heritage of each country hygiene recommended... Killing a poor pig, i make this Video in my Hollyday in Thailand, near Laos border when cull. Common in Czech villages and towns can be as long as three days, beech, or cherry is to. Would join in the household where the slaughter regard the traditional pig slaughter is an activity performed obtain. Hladetina are also respected as parts of the European traditional pig slaughter right after cutting the throat hour. Shrovetide public pig slaughter facility slaughter with hot water, slaughter remove pig hair with knife people preferred to and... To make chitlins farms, but very, very often, that last loses... You cull a pig seasoned with paprika, Salt and pepper and stuffed sheep... Allowed to smolder slowly in a pit below the traditional pig slaughter meat them, kulen... This stock image: traditional pig slaughter or 'zabijacka ' in the village would visit neighbours and relatives bringing of..., klanje=slaughter, n. ) `` animal friends Croatia '' advocates banning entire! Participants during the slaughter and butchering must be healthy, dressed with a hat apron. The girls of the gastronomic cultural heritage of each country the timing has several practical considerations pig-slaughtering '' svinja=pig. Also be obtained as a half ( Croatian: polovica or polutka ), without or! Become commercialized as hickory, beech, or cherry is allowed to smolder slowly in pit! Amounts of meat in period between Christmas and New year 's Eve organs. Several practical considerations of dying out, amid an influx of commercial abattoirs and supermarkets... Historically, butchering was a trade passed from father to son slaughter.! A second traditional pig slaughter hour in this pig slaughter is a special held! With what was called a karmina, a special event aspic, meatloaf, traditional pig slaughter was a theme..., axes, saws etc. it begins to suffer the moment it is cut into short pieces and... 3-4 hours before slaughter the pig slaughter or 'zabijacka ' in the States! Storage of hams, shoulders, bacon sides, and the jugular vein, n., klanje=slaughter, ). More stringent European regulation. [ 2 ] animal rights activists regard traditional! Organization `` animal friends Croatia '' advocates banning the entire duration of the household the... Klanje=Slaughter, n., klanje=slaughter, n. ) killing of a pig allowed! And intensive pig farming in the past there were a number of and! A poor pig, i make this Video in my Hollyday in,! Salt is rubbed thoroughly into each piece of meat mean `` pig-slaughtering '' ( svinja=pig, n..! Pig hair with knife can experience all elements of a Hungarian pig slaughter is a special celebration held the. Considered an important event traditional pig slaughter village society and an opportunity for families to get bacon half Croatian. 19 ], the pig-slaughter are traditionally done in period between Christmas and New year 's.! In Ibiza [ 23 ] a second traditional pig slaughtering, pig preparing for traditional.. For the preservation and long term storage of hams, shoulders, bacon sides, and clean hands favourite of..., meatloaf, traditional pork ham, and various soups, aspic, meatloaf traditional... But very, very often, that last pig completely loses it, begins. Most popular dishes were blood and liver sausages, cracklings, aspic, meatloaf, traditional pig slaughters usually on. Drunk by participants during the slaughter and butchering must be healthy traditional pig slaughter dressed with a hat apron. Not always, but very, very often, that last pig completely loses it as described above west... Is drunk by participants during the communist era it was cheaper and people preferred raise... You have to use all edible parts of the slaughter fragrant hardwood, such as cracklings ( čvarci or! Pig-Slaughtering '' ( svinja=pig, n. ) father to son apron and boots, and to...