They more often use the same mock behavior for both defensive and offensive encounters. In fact they are protected in the states of Louisiana, Texas, and Mississippi. On average, Black bears in the southern mountains range for females, 250 to 300 pounds and male 300 to 400 pounds. American black bears are omnivores, with their diets varying greatly depending on season and location.They typically live in largely forested areas but will leave forests in search of food. Bears not only eat honey, they also eat the bees from beehives; the stingers don’t seem to discourage them. They may be called black bears, but their coat can be blue-gray or blue-black, brown and even sometimes white! The black bear is the smallest of the three species of bears inhabiting North America (black, brown/grizzly, and polar), has the widest distribution on the continent, and is the only bear living in the eastern United States.. Brandon could barely hold this healthy yearling. There are also brown bears in the Himalayas, northern China, Mongolia, Japan and Russia. This defense measure of the mother bear likely derives not so much from human threat, but from the obvious history of male bears that will often kill cubs for food, mother bears must be overly protective. During winter they mostly sleep but not a true hibernation. After roughly 8 to 10 weeks, the cubs weigh about 5 pounds and can journey out of the den with their mother. •The lips of the black bear are free from the gums, and the bear uses them and their long, agile tongue to eat such foods as … Bears climb trees for safety, to rob beehives, to look around, to take a nap or just for the sake of it. Black Bears rarely attack, and have a long history of not harming humans in the Blue Ridge, Smoke Mountains region, yet in 2006 two hikers on two separate occasions were fatally mauled, an unusual and unfortunate occurrence. They will nurse the mother who is often barely aware of their cubs feeding during their hibernation period. Baby black bears are born and live in the safety of the mother's den during winter. A common application of Black Bear scent last 24 to 48 hours as they intentionally rub their oils on rocks. Should you encounter a possible lost cub or cubs, you should contact Lisa at Appalachian Bear Rescue, she maintains a hotline for notifying the proper authorities for necessary bear cub rescue or recovery at (865) 448-0143. The black bear’s coat has lots of layers of shaggy fur, which keeps it warm in cold winter months. Black bear hibernation can last up to 6 or 7 months depending on their habitat and climate conditions. Pandas are the only bears that lack this Kilham Gland; pandas only eat bamboo limiting their need to explore other food groups. On average, Black bears in the southern mountains range for females, 250 to 300 pounds and male 300 to 400 pounds. Standing on their hind legs they range from 5 to 6 feet in height and 3 feet at shoulder. All bears, mothers bears included, have excellent dexterity within their paws, both firm and soft. Thanks to conservation efforts their population in some areas, such as California, are on the increase. Black Bears reach full maturity between 2 to 5 years of age and can live well into their 30’s under normal, natural condition. •They have a keen sense of smell (a bear's sense of smell is seven times greater than a bloodhound's) and good hearing. CHARACTERISTICS. Black Bears, also known as the American Bear (Ursus Americanus), are the most common single bear species. * BearLife.org * Polar Bears * Panda Bear * Koala * Grizzly Bear * Black Bear * Red Panda * One life long pleasure for all Black Bears is climbing trees. Over the next three years they will grow to their full adult weight, totally maturity at about 4 years old. If that doesn’t intimidate, the bear then makes rapid snaps of its jaw and pops it lips together. Toes are spread out. A pregnant sow will gain an additional 30 to 50 % of her body weight eating as much as 4 times the normal. Bears are fast; they can run more than 60 kilometers an hour (37 mph) – that’s twice as fast as an Olympic sprinter. It is forbidden to place a nutritive substance as bait to trap black bear, depending on the UGAFs, during the periods mentioned in the following table: UGAF. They also dine on carpenter ants from wood logs, grasshoppers, termites, yellow jacket and their nests and ant’s from anthills. Your e-mail addresses will not be sold or given away to anyone. What do they like to eat? After undertaking an assessment of the hair collected from the crime scene, we observed the following morphological characteristics; the form of the hair was curly and the color was black. Female Black Bears, known as “sows,” mate once every two years, males mate annually. The warmer southern Appalachian’s (southern Blue Ridge Smoky Mountain) regions may cause mother bears to be more alert and aware when giving birth. Black bears are not true hibernators. And what do they like to smell the most? A “Bear Safety” feature is included in our Blue Ridge Highlander’s “Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains.”. Other species may be nocturnal, active at night, though female sloth bears with cubs may feed more at daytime to avoid competition from conspecifics and nocturnal predators. Female bears are often very aggressive towards other female bears as well as male bears, protecting their food territory for their young. Brown and American black bears are generally diurnal, meaning that they are active for the most part during the day, though they may forage substantially by night. 5. To put their speed in perspective, bears can run 15 meters per second (50 feet per second). The black bear is very adaptable. At this stage of exodus from the mother’s den the cubs have grown into what is called a “yearling,” no longer a cub and not quite an adult yet old enough to live on their own. Black bear: characteristics . Characteristics. A thriving black bear population reflects overall health in the forest. At the top of the food chain they are not picky about their diet. The difference in male/female weight can be up to 25% to 30%. The following spring its time for the litter to leave momma bear and set out on their own. It’s best to remember that Black Bears can run at speeds up to 30-miles an hour, climbing a tree won’t help you, bears are great climbers and water won’t help you either, black bears are good swimmers. The American black bear is the smallest North American bear. Their individual scent makes each bear aware of another bear’s personal foraging area, it tells bears which other bears to avoid. 1 to 5, 7 to 37, 41 to 49, 51 to 55 and 70 to 86: July 1 to August 31 : But this smaller bear is very shy and generally avoids confrontations. At its normal pace black bears waddle slowly and casually. They will then charge to within 3 to 20 feet away from their suspect, slap one or both feet on the ground making a loud huffing noise. They put on weight quickly. Black bears have a great sense for smelling and hearing, which make them very curious creatures. They use their claws like fingers when they eat. Black bears are shy and normally avoid people. While other subspecies of the American black bear can have different coat colors from black to blonde to cinnamon, Florida black bears are black … During this early period of cub development, the cubs wrestle, tumble, run, play tag and love to climb trees, developing their sense of coordination and building their strength. The mother spends the following year and a half weaning, feeding, and teaching her cubs what to eat and how to survive. They are quite intelligent and curious. Black Bears go into a winter sleep though their body temperature and metabolism stay near normal. The American black bear is the world’s most common bear species. Baby cubs are also voracious eaters. Like humans, Black Bears are omnivorous, enjoying a large diet. They will eat field grasses, roots, tubers, nuts, berries of all kinds, fruits, and other foods. Babies are born blind. Black bears are found in most forested areas from Mexico north to the edge of the tree line in Canada and Alaska. Black bear anatomy includes a straight face and flat shoulders. The further west you go, the more likely it is you could see brown, cinnamon, tan or blonde black bears. Most of this weight is gained in the fall, preparing for winter hibernation or deep sleep. * Brown Bear * Kodiak Bear * Sun Bear * Kermode Bear * Sloth Bear * Moon Bear * Spectacled Bear * Bear Cruelty *. Scent isn’t the only way they express their emotions. up for the Blue Ridge Highlander Newsletter, Messages from the Mountains, Sign They begin climbing as cubs and continue all their lives. North American Black Bear Physical Characteristics Colour. Habitat distribution information suggests about 55% live in Canada, 40% live in the United States, and 5% are in Mexico (accurate population facts south of Mexico unknown). One of the more notable facts is that some do not hibernate as long or skip the process altogether when food is abundant. They offer information on bear facts, show live videos of black bear dens, and offer rentals of “black bear boxes”, a box of materials to teach a unit on black bears for the price of $150. It is trying to get more information about you and your intentions. Some species of bears, including Asiatic black bears and sun bears, are also threatened by the illegal wildlife trade. This isn’t to say a bear won’t chase down a deer if it’s hungry enough, using their 30 mph speed. By this time they have full coats (usually each coat of the cubs varies in color shade,) the cubs are more physically active and very playful. Their territory can range from a 5 square mile area for females and as much as a 25 square miles or more for young males that are establishing their own grounds, an area where 100 other bears might populate. They have behavioral adaptations too, like being very timid. It has ears that are often pointed and a short tail. They are very strong with recorded cases of a black bear turning over 300 pound rocks with a single foreleg. to find out first about our new feature stories, road trips and special offers Top Tag’s. When in danger or hunting for prey they have the ability to burst into running mode with speeds up to 25 to 30mph. An actual hibernation consists of lower body temperature, heart rate, breathing rate and blood pressure. Black Bear cubs weigh about 15 pounds at six months and will need to gain at least an additional 25 pounds in order to properly den with their mother for winter hibernation or deep sleep. Though most commonly considered black in color they are actually color phases of the blue-black, cinnamon or blue-gray glacier bear. If you encounter a standing black bear, it is not threatening you. The oldest animal encountered was a female,number 67-108,killed on the study area during the 1967 season and aged at 20.75 years. At maturity they can weigh as little a 200 pounds to as much as 600 pounds. nature vs. nurture satirical essay jane eyre white privilege procrastination interview critical domestic violence sociological imagination conclusion friends poet christmas civil disobedience textual analysis. Records of human attacks are rare. At that point they venture on to live on their own. American black bears are eating machines and are mostly vegetarian. One of the more notable facts about this species is that they are excellent climbers, even when cubs. Black bear Characteristics. The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America.It is the continent's smallest and most widely distributed bear species. Black Bears have great paw dexterity with their front feet, allowing them to be firm and gentle. Of the two species, black bears have a much larger range across the United States. Comparable to both dogs and cats, bears have the ability to sense a present danger up to a mile away and like the feline and K9 crowd, black bears can sense friend or foe more by what they can smell, than see. In their search for food in their habitat they can cross ponds, lakes, and rivers to get to better feeding grounds (including campgrounds, lodges, and resorts). black bear characteristics. In the eastern third of North America, the majority of black bears are a deep black color, and about a quarter of them sport a white chest blaze. The sad fact is that many baby cubs will not reach adulthood due to hunting and attacks from predators. The black bear is large and stocky and has a short tail. Though male bears usually mature a few months after female, some male bears can breed as early as 1 1/2 years old. writing, digital images, etc are the, Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains, Sign Momma bears teach her cubs how to select specific foods to eat, such as berries, nuts, wild plants and the proper way to burrow for small animals. This is particularly true in soils that have a fair amount of sand such as grounds near lakes and rivers where they hunt for fish. A male American black bear, for instance, may roam an area of about 15 to 75 square miles (40 to 200 square kilometers). up for the Blue Ridge Highlander Newsletter, Messages from the Mountains Trees or man-made structures can retain the scent for 3 or 4 weeks. A Black bear living under normal conditions can live well into their 30’s while bears living nearer to human population live an average of 25% or less time due to dangers of human/bear conflict and obtainable garbage. At maturity they can weigh as little a 200 pounds to as much as 600 pounds. Larger claims in populated areas such as California have been made but never substantiated. Black bear paws have short claws to help them climb, dig, gather plant food, and attack small mammals. A black bear baby weighs between one half to one pound at birth. PDF | Two geographically discrete populations of black bears (Ursus americanus) in Idaho were studied during 1973-76. I wouldn’t try waking one, and you should never count on them not being aware of your presence while they are sleeping. Female Black Bears tend to stay in more confined familiar areas, knowing what’s commonly available for their cub’s provisions and a familiar den. Adult male Black Bears will devour cubs that wander away from their mothers or cubs separated due to their mother’s unexpected death. Their normal skin is a black color and is covered with white fur. Interested in your business being on the Highlander, click here... Let our visitors tell you about the Highlander... Click the feathers to go to the Highlander site They have black colored fur, and lighter brown colored muzzles with black noses and a black stripe up the top of the muzzle. Males can be up to 70 percent heavier than females. The average cub litter size is 1 to 3. As intelligence goes some scientist believe they’re nearly as bright as primates. Historic information suggests black bear habitat included most of North America including Alaska, Canada, almost all of the lower 48 United States, and Mexico. Their nose is their guide; Black Bears have an exceptional sense of smell. An average adult male weighs about 300 pounds while females average about 170 pounds. The best defense is to back out of the area slowly. Black bears also like salmon and other kinds of fish and will hunt for small mammals if available where they live. They grip their prey with their sharp teeth or claws. map... Sign While in the trees, the cubs observe their domain, play and often take naps. Many facts including growth rate, habitat, time of year, diet, and gender determine how big a bear will grow. Black; Tan; Dark Brown; Skin Type Fur Top Speed 30 mph Lifespan 15 - 30 years Weight 100kg - 270kg (220lbs - 594lbs) Height 1.3m - 1.8m (4.25ft - 6ft) Age of Sexual Maturity 4 - 6 years Age of Weaning 6 - 8 months Their scent derives from their fur, which is transferred onto anything they come into contact with. Lost habitats have put serious pressure on some bears that are left with little patience due to shrinking food resources, most typical Black Bears find avoiding people to be a much easier solution, some bears just don’t know any better. Still one should not get too close or feed them. up for the Blue Ridge Highlander Newsletter, Messages from the Mountains In fact, a bear can outrun a race horse over short distances, but has little endurance. 1. A bear might attack if they feel their cubs are in danger, if the bear feels personally threatened or if it’s a habitual bear looking for human food and is willing to take what it wants. That they lack intelligence, have poor hearing and eyesight and can be fiercely aggressive. Adults range from 1.5 to 1.8 metres (5 to 6 feet) in length and weigh 90–270 kg (200–600 pounds). Everything, that’s why it’s dangerous for them to create a habitat near humans. Mother bears communicate their authority to their cubs using verbal grunts and hard cuffs of their paws. From spring through summer they eat when it suits them and enjoy napping a lot, when fall approaches they stuff themselves on forest harvests in order to build up an adequate layer of nourishing fat for the winter season. They mostly eat grasses, herbs and fruit, but will sometimes eat other things, including fish. Huge bears tend to be male. In other areas they are actively hunted and are subject to open "hunting seasons". They collect grass and leaves to pad their dens. Panhandling bears are technically referred to as “habitual bears” and always a problem all their own. Depending on the ground surface their claws may not be visible making specie information more difficult. Their ears are large and erect. They may become protective if cubs are present and may bluff intruders with fake charges. Standing on their hind legs they range from 5 to 6 feet in height and 3 feet at shoulder. They are extremely shy creatures not necessarily ferocious by nature. Read our other Tales within the Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains, Sign Black bears come in more colors than any other North American mammal. The total black bear population is estimated to be between 600,000 to 700,000 (excluding baby cubs). This gland guides the cubs to the proper things to eat and verifies they are eating the same as their mothers are. black bear characteristics Essay Examples. Prohibited seasons. At eighteen months the cubs begin their journeys, exploring their independence, establishing a future range of their own for breeding and feeding purposes. The mating ritual of Black Bears consist of male bears rubbing against trees, stripping off tree bark, biting trees or other wood surfaces in order set a scent that will attract female bears. Hind tracks have a triangular indentation. Black Bears usually begin breeding between 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 years of age. These Black Bears have lost most of their fear of humans; they can be very persistent beggars. The medulla structure of the hair was vacuolated: it had a combination of large and small holes. Cub training begins at this stage of growth, learning what to eat, how to climb trees and they even learn to swim. Black bears in the west may be cinnamon brown, and in parts of British Columbia and the Yukon Territory in Canada the black bear may even be silver-gray or white. Black Bears are solitary creatures that naturally prefer to live in the forest away from the human population, although don’t let their shyness give you any false sense of security. They make use of their body fat and do not eat or pass any wastes. They prefer to pursue small critters like squirrels, chipmunks, woodchucks, mice, pack rats, and any other mammal that burrow. It is usually black with a tan muzzle and a white patch on its chest. Always exercise caution if you come across a Black Bear in the wild, when disturbed they can be highly unpredictable. Approximately 150 cm long and with a height at the shoulder that varies from 100 to 120 cm, an adult black bear has a moderate-sized head with a rather straight facial profile and a tapered nose with long nostrils. Since bears like to hunt fish they are not shy of water. The black bear is a bulky and thickset mammal. They just prefer easy resources, plus they’re good fishing mammals due to their excellent front paw dexterity. During her 3 weeks of heat she is likely to breed with several male bears. Black bear cubs leave small prints with no claw indentations. Black bears are carnivorous though it makes up only a small portion of their diet. Click the feathers to go to the Highlander site Black Bear cubs learn what’s proper to eat, and what’s poison, by sniffing their mother’s breath to determine what they should consume. Human attacks are rare. Even if you see a cub left on their own, chances are the mother could be lurking close by and will perform a mock-attack or an actual attack if she senses danger. If necessary she will rightfully drive her cubs away before the coming of her every other year mating season. Physical and Behavioral Characteristics. When hiking it is a good idea to "announce" your presence by making noise. In the wild they eat a mostly 80% vegetarian diet though they are also classified as carnivores due to the basis of their tooth structure and a appetite for small mammals and fish when they can catch them. Cubs remain with their mothers throughout the first year, and will den with momma bear the following winter. Your e-mail addresses will not be sold or given away to anyone. If there is water where they live they will exploit it for food. Black Bears have often been wrongly considered to be sluggish and oblivious to what going on around them. The head is small but is supported by a strong neck. Privacy Appearance: The Florida black bear (Ursus americanus floridanus), is one of 16 subspecies of the American black bear and is the only bear species in Florida.. Asiatic black bear Southeast Asia and East Asia are home to three bear species: 1) the sloth bear of the Indian subcontinent; 2) sun bears (also known as Malayan bears) of southern Asia; and 3) moon bears (also known as Asiatic black bears) bears of Asia. Unlike their big cousin the grizzly bear, black bears are exceptionally good at climbing trees and will sometimes rest on strong limbs. The ears are rounded and the eyes small. Yellowstone is home to two species of bears: grizzly bears and black bears. The next biggest record black bear weighed 876 pounds and was in Minnesota. Information about black bear hibernation suggests they enter a partial state of the process. to find out first about our new feature stories, road trips and special offers. With anthills they put their paw out along the anthill and allow the ants to cover their paws then lick the ants up. Anything they can eat! Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Ursidae Physical Characteristics. The American black bear is considered a threatened species in some areas. Black bear facts. The cubs are often born when the mother is half asleep, they arrive almost hairless, and they’re also toothless and blind. They can run for short distances only. Most reliable way to distinguish a Black Bear skeleton from that of a Grizzly Bear: (Gordon 1977) Grizzly's 1st molar in lower jaw is longer than 20.4 mm (.8 in) and wider than 10.5 mm (.4 in) Other good ways to distinguish Black and Brown Bears: Grizzly has shoulder hump; Black Bear doesn't The reason for their general slow moving lumbering gait is a result of their hindquarters being longer in portion to their front limbs. The only color highlights on their mostly dark fur are brown patches on their face and sometimes white chest markings. Though Black Bears do have large teeth they are considered too lazy when it comes to big game hunting, such as deer. Black bears will weigh more after they have bulked up in the summer prior to hibernation and before having baby cubs. Black Bears make their sleeping dens in caves, large standing hollow trees, rocky overhangs or old decaying logs they dig out, where as their favorite daylight hangouts are trees, up in the branches out of harms way. Custom «Characteristics of a Black Bear» Essay Paper essay. In fact wolves are weary of bears who monitor their hunting activities. up for the Blue Ridge Highlander Newsletter, Messages from the Mountains, Great Mountain Attractions and Destinations, Magazine, Virtual Tours and Scenic Road Trips, Living Green and Eco Friendly in the Mountains, Mysteries, Myths and Legends in the Mountains, Conference, Meeting and Retreat Facilities, Theatre  •  Concerts  •  Mountain Entertainment, Blue Ridge Highlander Mountain Emporium and Art Gallery, Artists, Art Galleries and Art Associations in the Mountains, Museums, History and Culture in the Mountains, Rivers, Creeks and Trout Streams in the Mountains. Of the grand total of 37 bears, 12 were harvested on the Wycoff Run study area, six in each year. Black bears den for various lengths of time governed by the diverse climates in which they live, from Canada to northern Mexico. Today their home range territory is mostly in Alaska and Canada. map... 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