Legal translation may also imply that it is a specific type of translation only used in law, which is not always the case. law clerk (or staff attorney) - Assist judges with research and drafting of opinions. Federal civil juries consist of six persons. defendant - In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime. Acquit - Being found not guilty by a jury or judge, or the determination that there was not enough evidence to convict beyond a reasonable doubt. What is the Difference Between a Misdemeanor & a Felony? Use it free! For example, if the defendant argued on appeal that certain evidence should not have been used at trial, and the appeals court agrees, the case will be remanded in order for the trial court to reconsider the case without that evidence. Although many terms are used in the court and with clients, there is still some general terminology that may be used in non-court settings. arrest warrant - A written order directing the arrest of a party. In federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer. Judicial officers of the Supreme Court and the highest court in each state are called justices. felony - A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison. What is legal language? Refers to court sessions with the entire membership of a court participating, rather than the usual quorum. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Custodian - A guardian of a child who is responsible for money allocation. pretrial conference - A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case. magistrate judges - Judicial officers who assist U.S. district court judges in getting cases ready for trial. A lawyer is in the best position to advise you about your legal rights and responsibilities. The related legal term allegation refers to the specific charge against a person made in accordance with state or federal legal codes. writ of certiorari - An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal. Counterclaims can often be brought within the same proceedings as the plaintiff’s claims. plea - In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges in open court. These related professions include: Executor - An individual that is responsible for executing a will, or following the wishes of a will and testament. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | discovery - Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial. Synonym Discussion of legal. librarian - Meets the informational needs of the judges and lawyers. file - To place a paper in the official custody of the clerk of court to enter into the files or records of a case. Accumulation reinvesting income generated by a fund back into the fund. Has the same effect as a plea of guilty as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but the plea may not be considered an admission of guilt for any other purpose. victim advocate - work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime. 's' : ''}}. The prosecution must prove the guilt so that there is no reasonable doubt to the jury that the defendant is guilty. Also known as a ‘defendant’ in admiralty and corporations matters and in some courts. Melanie plead not-guilty to the crime of malpractice. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings. Courts are often bound by the decisions of appellate courts with authority to review their decisions. Subpoena - A requirement by the court to show up and testify as needed. © copyright 2003-2021 Visit the Business Law: Help and Review page to learn more. continuance - Decision by a judge to postpone trial until a later date. tort - A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person as outlined by law. beyond a reasonable doubt - Standard required to convict a criminal defendant of a crime. Essentially, the defendant is admitting that the evidence is sufficient to show guilt. For example, a trial court may use a prior decision from the Supreme Court that has similar issues. reporter - Makes a record of court proceedings, prepares a transcript, and publishes the court's opinions or decisions. 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